International protection is an overarching term used by the Asylum Act for the designation of both Asylum and Subsidiary protection. It is granted to foreigners who are present on the territory of the Czech Republic and, for certain reasons indicated by the law, can not return to their country.
International protection can be granted either in the form of Asylum or in the form of subsidiary protection. International protection may be granted to foreigners in the Czech republic (third country nationals and persons without a nationality) who are persecuted or have well-founded fear of persecution in the country of which the foreign national is a citizen (if the foreign national is a stateless person the country of her/his last permanent residence) for reasons indicated by the law (race, gender, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or for holding certain political opinions), or who, if returned to this country, would face an actual risk of serious harm and can not benefit from protection in their own country.
Another reason for asylum or subsidiary protection is family reunification in accordance with Article 13 or 14b of the Asylum Act and so called humanitarian asylum which is granted in accordance with Article 14 of the Asylum Act in particular cases.
Sources of law:
- The Act No. 325/1999 Coll. on asylum and amendment (Asylum Act)